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Bitcoin Giants | Who will hold the most BTC in 2024?

Introduction.Bitcoin’s role as a market leader in the crypto industry cannot be overemphasized. The significance of tracking the largest holders of Bitcoin lies in their significant impact on market trends and investor confidence. This report focuses on profiling the holdings of different entities, including publicly traded companies, private companies, states, exchange-traded funds (ETFs), and mining companies, in order to gain a comprehensive understanding of their impact on the Bitcoin market.

Public companies investing in bitcoin have the potential to shape market sentiment, as their involvement in bitcoin is not just a diversification strategy, but often a strategic alliance with the cryptocurrency’s preferred future. Private companies also play a key role, albeit with less transparency than public corporations. While market movements are not immediately apparent, the holdings of these companies help drive potential demand for bitcoin.

ETFs are critical to providing broader access to the bitcoin market. The inclusion of bitcoin in national treasuries by countries is a testament to its growing acceptance and potential as a hedge against the volatility of traditional currencies. Mining companies have a direct impact on the supply side of the bitcoin market by virtue of the bitcoin reserves they accumulate through their mining activities. Their decision to hold or sell bitcoins can immediately affect their availability and, in turn, their price.  Bitcoin Miner

In this report delves into the largest bitcoin holders to gain insight into the impact all of these entities may have on the bitcoin market.

Listed Companies

Publicly traded companies have become important players in the bitcoin ecosystem, and their holdings can affect their stock performance and the broader cryptocurrency market.

Foremost among these is MicroStrategy, a business intelligence company with holdings of 189,150 BTC valued at approximately $8.32 billion. That’s about 0.901% of the total 21 million Bitcoins. microStrategy’s aggressive Bitcoin acquisition strategy has made its stock (MSTR:NADQ) a proxy for Bitcoin, and its share price typically mirrors the cryptocurrency’s market movement.

Electric car and clean energy company Tesla Inc. holds 10,725 Bitcoins worth approximately $471.54 million. The company’s investment in Bitcoin, disclosed in early 2021, was a major endorsement of Bitcoin’s potential as a means of storing value, sending ripples through the cryptocurrency and traditional financial markets. Tesla’s stock (TSLA:NADQ) has since been impacted by bitcoin’s price volatility, reflecting the interconnectedness of its investment with its market valuation.

Cryptocurrency trading platform Coinbase Global, Inc. holds 9,000 bitcoins worth about $395.7 million. As a major player in the cryptocurrency trading industry, Coinbase (COIN:NADQ)’s holdings are a balance sheet asset and a strategic fit with its core business operations. The company’s stock performance is closely tied to the health of the cryptocurrency market, with the price of Bitcoin being a key driver.

Galaxy Digital Holdings Galaxy Digital Holdings, a merchant bank focused on digital assets and blockchain, holds 8,100 BTC, equivalent to approximately $356.13 million Galaxy Digital’s stock (BRPHF: OTCMKTS) reflects its deep involvement in the cryptocurrency space, and the performance of bitcoin directly impacts its valuation.

Block Corporation Financial services and mobile payments company Square, Inc. (formerly Square, Inc.) holds 8,027 bitcoins valued at approximately $352.92 million.Block’s investment (SQ: NYSE) underscores its commitment to integrating cryptocurrencies into the broader payments ecosystem. The company’s bitcoin holdings and its growth in the cryptocurrency space have had a significant impact on its stock performance.

These companies’ investment choices in bitcoin highlight the broader trend of institutions embracing cryptocurrencies. Their large bitcoin holdings indicate a strategic bet on bitcoin’s long-term value proposition. This trend reflects growing confidence in bitcoin as an asset class.


(Source: BuyBitcoinWorldwide)

Private Companies

Several companies have accumulated significant amounts of bitcoin in the private sector, reflecting a strategic shift toward digital assets. These investments have been driven by a variety of factors, including belief in the long-term value of bitcoin, its potential as a hedge against inflation, and a desire to be part of the burgeoning digital economy.

Mt. Gox began as a major bitcoin exchange and currently holds approximately 200,000 bitcoins valued at approximately $8.79 billion. This holding represents 0.952% of the total Bitcoin supply.Mt. Gox holds Bitcoin primarily due to historical operational activity and has been the focus of legal and financial discussions following its infamous hack and subsequent bankruptcy.

Block.one, a software company focused on high-performance blockchain technology, holds 140,000 bitcoins valued at approximately $6.16 billion, or 0.667% of the total bitcoin supply. This investment demonstrates Block.one’s strong commitment to the blockchain ecosystem and belief in Bitcoin as a future reserve asset.

Tether Holdings LTD holds 55,000 BTC worth approximately $2.42 billion, or 0.262% of the total supply. This holding demonstrates Tether’s strategic position in the cryptocurrency market, balancing its stablecoin business with a significant investment in Bitcoin.

Tezos Foundation holds 17,500 BTC worth approximately $769.41 million, or 0.083% of the total supply of Bitcoin.Stone Ridge Holdings Group, an asset management firm focused on alternative investments, holds 10,000 Bitcoin worth approximately $439.67 million, or 0.048%. Their investment in Bitcoin is part of a broader strategy to diversify their portfolio.

The rationale behind these investments varies, but generally reflects a belief in the digital transformation of finance and the role of bitcoin as a foundational asset in that transformation. These private holdings are significant because they indicate a growing institutional acceptance of bitcoin.

While not as compelling as public company investments, these holdings contribute to the stability and maturity of the overall market. They also shape investor sentiment, reinforcing the perception of bitcoin as a viable and valuable asset class.


(Source: BuyBitcoinWorldwide)

Mining Companies

Mining companies play a crucial role in the Bitcoin ecosystem in terms of cybersecurity and influencing the market through Bitcoin reserves.

Marathon is a leader in the mining sector with holdings of approximately 15,174 BTC worth approximately $667.15 million. This represents 0.072% of the total Bitcoin supply. Marathon’s strategy of accumulating bitcoin rather than selling it for operating expenses reflects a long-term investment perspective and belief in the value of bitcoin.

Hut 8, another major player, has accumulated 9,129 BTC valued at approximately $401.37 million, or 0.043% of the total Bitcoin supply.Riot Platforms has stockpiled 7,362 BTC valued at approximately $323.68 million, or 0.035% of the total Bitcoin supply.Riot’s strategy demonstrates a bullish stance on Bitcoin and is focused on strengthening its mining operations.  Litecoin Miner

There is a balancing act between mining activity and reserve accumulation. On the one hand, mining companies must sell some of the bitcoin mined to cover operating costs, including power, hardware maintenance and expansion.

On the other hand, holding mined bitcoin can be seen as a vote of confidence in the future value of the cryptocurrency. This strategy not only affects the supply side of bitcoin, but also reflects miners’ views on market trends.

Furthermore, these assets play a key role in the security and robustness of the Bitcoin network. By reinvesting profits into expanding their mining operations, these companies help maintain high hash rates, which are critical to network security.


(Source: BuyBitcoinWorldwide)


Exchange-traded funds (ETFs) are an important tool in the financial markets, bridging the gap between traditional investment mechanisms and innovative digital assets such as Bitcoin.

Prominent Bitcoin ETFs have amassed large holdings of Bitcoin and play an important role in the cryptocurrency market. The largest Bitcoin ETF, Grayscale Bitcoin Trust, holds 643,572 Bitcoins valued at approximately $28.3 billion. This represents approximately 3.065% of the total Bitcoin supply. Other notable ETFs include the CoinShares / XBT Provider and Purpose Bitcoin ETFs, which hold large stakes themselves.

These ETFs enhance market access and enable a wider range of investors to participate in bitcoin investing. These ETFs provide bitcoin exposure through traditional investment platforms, thereby enhancing liquidity. This liquidity is critical because it smoothes out price movements and reduces volatility, making Bitcoin a more accessible and potentially stable investment option.

In addition, the presence of bitcoin in these ETFs influences investor behavior by providing a regulated and familiar investment path. This could increase investor confidence and attract more institutional and retail investors to the bitcoin market.

In a significant development, the first spot Bitcoin ETF is expected to be approved in the U.S. in January. This approval is expected to have a significant impact on the market. It could lead to an influx of new investment because, unlike current futures-based ETFs, a spot bitcoin ETF would provide direct exposure to bitcoin price movements.

This could further enhance liquidity and potentially stabilize the bitcoin price. Additionally, the approval would mark acceptance by regulators, potentially paving the way for wider adoption of Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies.


(Source: BuyBitcoinWorldwide)


With significant holdings and strategic investments, public companies are emphasizing the growing integration of Bitcoin within traditional financial frameworks, influencing market dynamics and investor sentiment. Though less visible, private companies have enhanced the potential demand for bitcoin through significant investments, reinforcing their long-term value proposition.

By maintaining large bitcoin reserves, mining companies stabilize the supply side of the market and enhance the security and robustness of the bitcoin network, which is critical to its continued operation and credibility. Countries that have taken the risk of holding bitcoin mark a paradigm shift, reflecting the growing acceptance of bitcoin as a viable asset class at the governmental level and potentially influencing global regulatory perspectives.

ETFs have become key mechanisms that enhance market access and liquidity for bitcoin. They bridge the gap between traditional finance and the emerging cryptocurrency industry, contributing to market stability and shaping investor behavior.

Going forward, the collective influence of these entities may propel Bitcoin toward greater institutionalization and mainstream acceptance. The growing integration of bitcoin with traditional financial assets suggests a future in which bitcoin’s role will extend beyond that of a speculative asset and become an essential element of a diversified portfolio.

This evolution points to an increasingly complex and integrated financial ecosystem in which digital assets, such as bitcoin, coexist with traditional financial instruments to provide a broader range of investment opportunities and risk management strategies.



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